To show ownership for an irregular plural, add an apostrophe and then the letter s (teeth’s). In these examples, you notice that the apostrophe is used to show that a singular noun owns something (aunt’s, pen; bar’s fine wines). The plurals of most English nouns — anything greater than one — already end with the letter s. To show ownership, all you do is add an apostrophe after the s. Take a look at these examples: ten gerbils’ tiny teeth (the tiny teeth belong to ten gerbils), many dinosaurs’ petrified teeth (the petrified teeth belong to a herd of dinosaurs), a thousand sword swallowers’ sliced teeth (the sliced teeth belong to a thousand sword swallowers). There is a further point about writing possessives: when you add an apostrophe- s or an apostrophe alone to form a possessive, the thing that comes before the apostrophe must be a real English word, and it must also be the right English word. The dachshund’s and boxer’s tails were wagging furiously at the mention of a treat. They express a relationship that someone has something or something belongs to someone. Some pronouns form their possessive in the same way as singular possessive nouns. The Possessive Apostrophe. In English, the possessive form is a way of showing ownership. WRONG: The gnu’s gnashed their teeth when they heard the news. It’s your, yours, hers, its, ours, their, and theirs, that tend to cause the confusion. Write the correct form of the possessives into the gaps (apostrophe 's). Take a look at these same phrases — with the same meaning — using apostrophes: All of these phrases include nouns that express ownership. Question: Who do the traditions belong to? → The indigenous peoples’ traditions. Ludwig and Ludmilla’s wedding (The wedding was for both the blushing groom and the bride.) However, people’s is the possessive of the word people — the plural of person. Understanding the difference between people’s and peoples’ comes down to the context. Bob and Carol’s house Exception: Add the apostrophe to both items to show individual possession. Bill Gates is close, but even he hasn’t taken over everything yet. The worldview is that belonging to (possessed by) the individuals, so we need the possessive of that plural, which is individuals' with an S followed by an apostrophe. They vary a little bit, depending on what type of noun you are making into a possessive. You can easily purchase both on Amazon. → Those people’s houses. For More Than One Noun. We use possessive nouns when talking about something which belongs to people, animals, places, organizations, buildings etc. Delve further into the developer's softography. In sentence C, the apostrophe is placed before the s, showing a single pumpkin. Compound Possessives When you are showing possession with compounded nouns, the apostrophe's placement depends on whether the nouns are acting separately or together. Both words are plural, and both are in the possessive form. In English, the possessive form is a way of showing ownership. The same rule applies to how we show the possessive for a proper noun, such as a person’s name. The word teeth is plural, but teeth doesn’t end with the letter s. In other words, teeth is an irregular plural. No one is ever quite sure where to put it. The toys belong to the babies. Until the 18th century, the apostrophe … Navigating the complexities of English grammar can be like trying to find your way through a minefield. For irregular plurals showing ownership, add ‘s. Avoid possessive pronouns (mine, yours, hers, ours, theirs) in such constructions. WRONG: The gnus’ gnashed their teeth when they heard the news. The cat's tail was fluffy. ), Cedric’s and Lola’s fingernails. ), geese’s missing teeth (No teeth belong to the geese, because as of course you know, birds have beaks instead. : Rescue groups and individuals have come forward stating that the animals they gave PETA were healthy and adoptable. Plural nouns usually end with an “s.” This applies to plurals from most of the groups we discussed above, including the most common plurals formed by adding “s” or “es” to the end of a word. In grammar, they (or you) add one or two apostrophes, depending upon the type of ownership. We use apostrophes to write about Oprah’s new recommendation, J.K. Rowling’s new book, and Taylor Swift’s new song. The grammatical answer is one or two apostrophes, depending upon the type of ownership. Las reglas de los apóstrofos varían con el tipo de palabra. When you're talking ABOUT the group, don't ("the free peoples of...". Cedric carved all ten jack-o-lanterns, and he can’t bear to throw them away. Here’s the bottom line: To show possession by one owner, add an apostrophe and the letter s to the owner: the dragon’s burnt tooth (the burnt tooth belongs to the dragon), Lulu’s pierced tooth (the pierced tooth belongs to Lulu), Another way to think about this rule is to see whether the word of expresses what you’re trying to say. You can say the same thing in English too, but English has added another option, the apostrophe. Possessives are used to show ownership; to show that something belongs to someone. If the plural noun shows ownership, do add an apostrophe after the s (for regular plurals). 3451. Examples. Such a situation arises mostly when you’re talking about time. The relative possessive pronoun whose is also frequently the victim of apostrophe abuse. The position of the apostrophe in a noun (to indicate possession of something) often causes problems for ESL/EFL learners. Instead, in most cases, you will probably use the possessive form, people’s. → This person’s dog. You also see a phrase where the apostrophe indicates that plural nouns own something (lovers’ letters). George and Martha Washington’s home (The home belongs to the two of them.) This is called a possessive apostrophe. The reality is that you have to learn the plural for each singular by heart. B. Lulu told Lola that Lochness needs a year’s work on his gum disease. The apostrophe is all about making a statement of ownership. Most writers don’t have trouble with the possessive pronouns my, mine, his, her, and our. (Eggworthy doesn’t know and doesn’t care to know his cholesterol count. The “of test” works for plurals too. Thank you, we appreciate it! → The children’s bedroom. ), Lochness and the superspy’s secret (Lochness told it to the superspy, so now they’re sharing the secret, which concerns doughnuts and explosives.). Possessive apostrophes. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'strategiesforparents_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_11',650,'0','0']));As with most cases, rules have exceptions, and the important exception to this rule would be the possessive form of the word it. Three cats’ toys are on the floor. The apostrophe shows possession, the personality of the individual in question. However, the rules differ when it comes to the very irregular plurals that are entirely different from their singular forms. If something belongs to someone, in this case a personality, you would use " 's ". Consider this example: You can see that in the first sentence, there is only one server (singular), whereas, in sentence two, there are multiple servers (plural). We also use apostrophes to show abbreviation or contraction, such as in the word don’t, a contraction of do not. The most common way to create plurals in English is to add “s” onto the end of the singular noun (source). the boss’s wife. To show possession with a singular noun, add an apostrophe plus the letter s. Examples: a woman's hat the boss's wife Mrs. Chang's house. → Warren’s television. Miguel's and Cecilia's new cars are in the parking lot. When a noun is singular, we show the possessive by adding an apostrophe “s” (‘s) onto the end of the noun . They go to court and fight it out, that’s what happens! Apostrophes and Possessive Nouns. The capes belong to the heroes. In fact, learners only need to decide whether the possessive noun (the possessor, which, by the way, can also be a name) is singular or plural and whether or not it ends in -s in its written form. The rules about forming possessives probably cause the most apostrophe confusion. To show ownership for an irregular plural, add an apostrophe and then the letter s (teeth’s). If two people own something together, as a couple, use only one apostrophe. They definitely own separate pairs. You have learned that nouns form their possessive by adding apostrophes. For example: Indigenous peoples have close connections to their ancestral lands and traditions. Ratrug carries around a nutrition chart and a scale and weighs every scrap of food he eats. The shoes belong to the men. This group is the personal pronouns. Kat. Wondering How to be a More Patient Parent? → The babies’ toys. And, the plural of photo is not photoes but photos. Don’t use an apostrophe when you have a plural that is notexpressing ownership. Similarly, many common nouns end in the letter s (lens, cactus, bus, etc.) But, as we’ve discussed, the word peoples is a plural ending in “s,” which means that in the possessive form, it gets the same treatment as regular plurals, as follows: The traditions belong to the indigenous peoples. How to Show Possession with Proper Nouns, How to Show Possession for Nouns That End in S, How to Show Possession for Nouns That End in. This sounds very confusing, but these examples may make it easier to understand: The cars belong to the women. The two ships’ lights shone through the dark. As we’ve seen above, the word people is an irregular plural, which indicates the plural of the word person. Sona Digital Media LLC is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. Source(s): https://owly.im/a72lx. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'strategiesforparents_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',644,'0','0']));English grammar can be highly technical and confusing, but some simple rules will help you understand and remember when to use the correct word for your sentence. → The heroes’ capes. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. In contrast, peoples’ is the possessive of the word peoples — used to refer to groups of people. When a noun is singular, we show the possessive by adding an apostrophe “s” (‘s) onto the end of the noun . In many of the examples you’ve just read, you’ll find the word “teeth.” Look at the word teeth. Possessives are used to show ownership; to show that something belongs to someone. To show possession in French, for example, you say. Why Is the Question Mark Upside Down in Spanish? In sentence B, pumpkins’ expresses a plural possessive. We speak about one person but many people. Remember that the word people is the plural of the word person. link to Fancy Meeting You Here: Meaning and Usage, Families or Family’s: When to Use Possessive Form, The Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology, -oo- in the middle of the word becomes -ee-. The rules about forming possessives probably cause the most apostrophe confusion. The hat belongs to the person. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. The general rule for forming possessives. When you’re talking about time, give your sentence the “of test.” If it passes, insert an apostrophe. Sentence B is correct because Lochness needs a year of work on his mouth. The television belongs to Warren. Unlike, say, a school's mascot , which is uniquely associated as being owned by the school (as a sort of branding), a school project is typically something that individuals do as a part of their school work. So, technically, peoples is the plural of the word people, making it a type of plural on a plural. \'The president\'s official airplane\' is one example. : For this reason, Dr. Greenberg advises individuals to have planned cheat meals during special events. If two people own something together, as a couple, use only one apostrophe. This site is owned and operated by Sona Digital Media LLC. The Possessive Apostrophe. Showing Joint Possession Joint possession indicates that two or more people share something. ), children’s erupting teeth (The erupting teeth belong to the children. 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